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Pope Francis greets homeless people during their private tour of Sistine Chapel


Catholic News Service

VATICAN CITY — While enjoying a private visit to the Sistine Chapel, a group of VIP guests, homeless people who live around the Vatican, were surprised by a visit from Pope Francis.

The 150 visitors had just reached the Sistine Chapel at about 5 p.m. March 26, when Pope Francis walked through the door.

“Welcome,” the pope said. “This is everyone’s house, this is your home. The doors are always open for all.”

A homeless woman walks past a Swiss guard as she enters the Vatican March 26. While enjoying a private visit to the Sistine Chapel, homeless people were surprised by a visit from Pope Francis. (CNS photo/Max Rossi, Reuters)

A homeless woman walks past a Swiss guard as she enters the Vatican March 26. While enjoying a private visit to the Sistine Chapel, homeless people were surprised by a visit from Pope Francis. (CNS photo/Max Rossi, Reuters)

The Vatican Museums had closed 90 minutes early to allow the special guests of Archbishop Konrad Krajewski, the papal almoner, to have the Sistine Chapel to themselves. Accompanied by professional guides, the visitors began their tour in the Vatican Gardens and the Vatican Museums.

Pope Francis thanked the archbishop for arranging the “little caress” for those who live on the streets of Rome.

“Pray for me. I’m in need of prayers by people like you,” the pope told them. He blessed them saying, “May the Lord protect and help you on the path of life and let you feel his tender, fatherly love.”

The pope greeted each of the guests individually, spending more than 20 minutes with them before they were served dinner in the museums’ cafeteria.

The Vatican press office said Pope Francis asked that no cameras be present during his meeting with the group. After he left, though, the guests posed for a group photo under Michelangelo’s towering wall fresco of “The Last Judgment.”

It was not the only photo taken; several of the guests had cellphones with cameras and they took pictures of one another and of the pope.

Mauro, who speaks Italian and serves a spokesman for a group of Poles who sleep near the Vatican press office, told Catholic News Service March 27 that his favorite part of the Vatican Museums was the vintage carriage and car collection.

“I’m passionate about cars and what they have is great,” he said. “I had my picture taken there.”

Mauro said he and his friends always see long lines of tourists waiting to get into the museums, so it was great to see what all the fuss was about. And they didn’t even have to wait in line or deal with a crowd; “it was just us,” he said.

“It’s spectacular,” he said. “It’s beautiful.”

The pope’s arrival, Mauro said, “was a big surprise. We applauded. Everyone was so happy.”

Dinner, he said, was an Italian pizza party: prosciutto ham, mozzarella cheese, suppli (stuffed rice balls), pizza, cola and water.

His friend Mario said he could not accept the invitation because he had nowhere to leave Cookie, a 5-month-old puppy he found abandoned in a dumpster. “He’s my baby,” said Mario.

As papal almoner, Archbishop Krajewski distributes charitable aid from Pope Francis and has made a special point of assisting the homeless who live near the Vatican. His office installed and manages the showers near St. Peter’s Basilica and recruited barbers and hairdressers to donate their services on Mondays.


God’s law is about love, not doctrine, Pope Francis says

March 26th, 2015 Posted in Vatican News Tags: , , ,


Catholic News Service

VATICAN CITY — God’s law is about love for God and for others, not cold, abstract doctrine, Pope Francis said at a morning Mass.

“It’s sad to be a believer without joy and there is no joy when there is no faith, when there is no hope, when there is no law, but only rules and cold doctrine,” he said at the Mass in the Casa Santa Marta March 26.

Pope Francis

Pope Francis

“The joy of faith, the joy of the Gospel is the touchstone of a person’s faith. Without joy, that person is not a true believer,” he said, according to Vatican Radio.

In his homily, the pope pointed to Abraham as a model of faith, hope and joy in God’s covenant. But such joy was absent in the doctors of the law described in the day’s Gospel reading; they threw stones at Jesus after he told them how Abraham “rejoiced to see my day.”

“These doctors of the law didn’t understand,” Pope Francis said. “They didn’t understand the joy of the promise; they didn’t understand the joy of hope; they didn’t understand the joy of the covenant.”

The doctors of the law “didn’t know how to rejoice because they had lost the sense of joy that only comes from faith,” he said. Not only did they lack faith, “they had lost the law. Because at the heart of the law is love, love for God and for one’s neighbor.”

“They only had a system of clear-cut doctrines,” he said.

As “men without faith, without law and attached to doctrine,” they lived in a world that was “abstract, a world without love, a world without faith, a world without hope, a world without trust, a world without God. And this is why they could not rejoice,” the pope said. “Their hearts had petrified.”

He asked that people pray for “the grace to be jubilant in the hope” of knowing and encountering Jesus and for the “grace of joy.”

Pope Francis began the day’s Mass with a prayer to St. Teresa of Avila, asking for her intercession in the cause for world peace.

After lighting a candle, he prayed that “the fire of God’s love may conquer the blaze of war and violence that afflict humanity, and that dialogue may prevail over armed conflict everywhere.”

His prayer was part of a worldwide initiative sponsored by the Order of Discalced Carmelites to get people of all denominations and faiths to offer an hour of prayer for peace March 26.

The prayer initiative was the order’s “birthday gift” to their foundress, St. Teresa, in anticipation of the 500th anniversary of her birth March 28; a series of celebrations began on her feast day Oct. 15.

St. Teresa of Avila was a 16th-century mystic, co-founder of the Discalced Carmelites and doctor of the church.


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Vatican Letter: Pope prepares encyclical on ecology as a pro-life, pro-poor issue


Catholic News Service

VATICAN CITY — The Catholic Church supports the efforts of scientists to study the causes and effects of climate change and insists governments and businesses must get serious about specific commitments for protecting the environment. Read more »

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Sept. 21, 1953: Pope Francis recalls experiencing mercy as a teen


Catholic News Service

VATICAN CITY — Pope Francis’ decision to convoke a special Holy Year of Mercy has its roots in the event that led a teen-age Jorge Mario Bergoglio to the priesthood.

Pope Francis has recounted the story several times in the past two years. On one occasion early in his pontificate, he told members of Catholic lay movements about his faith journey, particularly the importance of growing up Catholic and the influence of his grandmother. Then he said: Read more »

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Bishops’ meeting on family life needs prayers, not gossip, Pope Francis says


Catholic News Service

VATICAN CITY — No matter how weary, wounded or sinful a family has become, the church will always do everything to try to help family members heal, convert and reconcile with the Lord, Pope Francis said.

The pope called on everyone to pray each day for the upcoming Synod of Bishops on the family and for the church so that it could be even more “dedicated and united in the witness of the truth of God’s love and mercy for the families of the world, (with) no one excluded either inside or outside the flock.”

Rain falls as Pope Francis arrives to lead his general audience in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican March 25. (CNS photo/Paul Haring)

Rain falls as Pope Francis arrives to lead his general audience in St. Peter’s Square at the Vatican March 25. (CNS photo/Paul Haring)

Prayers, “not gossip,” are needed for the synod, and “I invite even those who feel distanced or those who aren’t used to it to pray,” he said at his weekly general audience in St. Peter’s Square March 25.

The pope dedicated his catechesis to the day’s feast of the Annunciation of the Lord and the 20th anniversary of St. John Paul II’s landmark encyclical on the value and inviolability of human life, “Evangelium Vitae” (“The Gospel of Life”). The day also marked the Day for Life in some countries.

Today was “a little special” in the pope’s series of general audience talks on the family as it represented “a break for prayer,” he said.

Special prayer cards with the pope’s prayer for the synod on the family were distributed to the more than 17,000 people who turned out in the pouring rain for the audience.

“Perhaps it will be a little wet,” he said about the prayer card, asking people to keep it with them and recite the prayer as often as possible. He led the people both in the prayer on the card and in reciting the Hail Mary.

He said the Hail Mary touches upon “the beauty of this bond” between God and the family, the beauty of God wanting to be born a child into a real human family.

St. John Paul’s encyclical, Pope Francis said, explained the importance of the family as “the womb of human life” and as an institution blessed by God to be a community of love and life, entrusted with “the mission of procreation.”

In fact, Pope Francis said, “the bond between the church and family is sacred and inviolable” as the church “is solemnly committed to taking care of the family,” which is a gift of God, in good times and bad.

“The church, as mother, never abandons the family even when it is disheartened, wounded and demeaned in so many ways,” he said, “not even when (the family) stumbles in sin or distances itself from the church.”

The church, he said, “will do everything to try to take care of it and heal it, invite it to conversion and reconcile it with the Lord.”

Given that commitment, the pope said, the church needs prayers that are “full of love for the family and for life” and a community of people who know “how to rejoice with those who rejoice and suffer with those who suffer.”

Pope Francis asked that prayers and the synodal process itself be driven by “the compassion of the Good Shepherd for his flock, especially for people and families who, for different reasons, are ‘troubled and abandoned, like sheep without a shepherd.’”

Prayers for the synod are for “the good of everyone,” he added.

After the general audience, the Vatican released a second list of delegates elected to attend the synod on the family. Pope Francis approved the bishops elected by members of 38 bishops’ conferences and the Syro-Malabar Church. In early February, the Vatican had released the first list of delegates, including those from the United States. Most lists are expected in the coming months.

Pope Francis’ general audience celebration of St. John Paul’s encyclical on life was preceded by a Mass and prayer vigil, organized by the Pontifical Council for the Family. The event was March 24 at Rome’s Basilica of St. Mary Major, with similar commemorations at the sanctuaries of Fatima in Portugal, Lourdes in Frances and Guadalupe in Mexico.

At the Mass in Rome, Msgr. Carlos Simon Vazquez, council undersecretary, said “Evangelium Vitae” echoes the Gospel revelation that God sent his Son so that everyone would have life and have it in abundance. Christians, he said, are called to live and to promote abundant life.

The church, he said, is often “alone” in its pro-life work, which means that it must be even more prophetic and creative in promoting respect for life.


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Fight against ‘logic of profit’ and injustice of unemployment, pope says


Catholic News Service

VATICAN CITY — Because unemployment is an injustice that harms human dignity, people must make certain that the “logic of solidarity and the logic of justice” prevail over the “logic of profit,” Pope Francis said.

“When people don’t earn their bread, they lose their dignity. This is the tragedy of our times, especially for young people, who, without work, have no prospects for the future and can become easy prey to criminal organizations,” he said March 25 at the end of his general audience talk in St. Peter’s Square.

The pope’s comments came after he greeted a delegation of state workers from Calabria in southern Italy; they were led by Bishop Luigi Renzo of Mileto-Nicotera-Tropea. Public employees of the province of Vibo Valentia, where Bishop Renzo’s diocese is located, had not been paid for the past five months and were planning a two-day general strike.

The pope said he was aware of the workers’ “serious economic situation” and expressed his prayers and concern for their “unbearable” difficulties.

Launching a “heartfelt appeal,” Pope Francis asked that “the logic of profit not prevail over that of solidarity and justice.”

The human person and respect for human dignity must be at the center of all issues, especially when it comes to work, he said.

“Having work is a question of justice and it is an injustice to not be able to have a job,” he said.

“Please, let us fight for this, the justice of work. We have to fight for this.”


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Forget ‘yes, but,’ Christians must live Christ’s way, pope says


Catholic News Service

VATICAN CITY — Don’t be “halfway Christians,” who accept Christ, but then start looking for excuses and stammering, “yes, but …” when it is time to follow his way, Pope Francis said at a morning Mass.


Pope Francis warned against "spiritual caprice" in his March 24 homily. (CNS Paul Haring)

Pope Francis warned against “spiritual caprice” in his March 24 homily. (CNS Paul Haring)

It’s a case of “spiritual caprice” when Christians get grumpy and complain about the path being pointed out to them after God offers salvation all the time and in so many ways, he said at the Mass in the Casa Santa Marta March 24.

“Many times we say we are sick of the divine way. To not accept God’s gift with his way — this is sin, this is venom,” he said, according to Vatican Radio.

The pope’s homily looked at the day’s reading from the Book of Numbers (21:4-9) in which the people of Israel complain against God and Moses about being weary from their escape from slavery and the lack of water and decent food. After God sends venomous snakes, which kill many of the people as punishment, he tells Moses to make a bronze serpent mounted on a pole that will bring life to those who have been bitten.

Pope Francis said the staff with the serpent is a symbol of the cross upon which Jesus will be raised and which will become a source of salvation from the venom of sin for all those who look upon it.

How many Christians today “do we find a bit poisoned with dissatisfaction in life,” he said, those about to “die in the desert of their sadness, their grumbling, their not wanting God’s way.”

These so-called “half-Christians” say, “Yes, it’s true, God is good, but …,” the pope said.

They do not go all the way “to open their hearts to God’s salvation. They always try to put conditions on it: ‘Yes, but this way. Yes, yes, I want to be saved, but by taking this path.’ This is how the heart becomes poisoned” with venom, he said.

The venom “poisons our soul, it takes joy away from you, it doesn’t let you go” and be free, he added.

But when Jesus was nailed to the cross, he took all that venom and sin upon himself, the pope said.

“This lukewarm soul, this being half-Christian, ‘Christians, yes, but …,’ this enthusiasm at the start of the journey with the Lord that then becomes dissatisfied, this is only healed when looking at the cross, looking at God who takes on our sins: my sin is there.”

The pope asked people to look at “the serpent, the venom there, in the body of Christ, the venom of all the sins of the world, and let us ask for the grace to accept difficult moments, to accept the divine way of salvation,” to accept the wretched sustenance the people of Israel complained about and all the ways “the Lord is bringing me forward.”

Pope Francis prayed that the liturgies of Holy Week — the week before Easter Sunday — would “help us escape from this temptation of becoming ‘Christians, yes, but. …’”


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Future of humanity depends on protecting and sharing water, pope says


Catholic News Service

VATICAN CITY — The future of humanity depends on safeguarding and sharing potable water around the world, Pope Francis said.

“I encourage, therefore, the international community to make sure the planet’s water is adequately protected and no one is excluded or discriminated against” in the fair use of this resource, which is “the most essential element for life,” he said March 22 after reciting the Angelus with visitors gathered in St. Peter’s Square.

Residents near Kramatorsk, Ukraine, carry empty buckets and bottles to have them filled with potable water June 19, 2014, after a shelling from fighting with pro-Russian separatists reportedly destroyed a water supply system. (CNS photo/Valentina Svistunova, EPA)

Residents near Kramatorsk, Ukraine, carry empty buckets and bottles to have them filled with potable water June 19, 2014, after a shelling from fighting with pro-Russian separatists reportedly destroyed a water supply system. (CNS photo/Valentina Svistunova, EPA)

“The future of humanity depends on our ability to safeguard and share” clean water, the pope said, in marking World Water Day, an annual United Nations celebration to promote sustainable water management.

In his remarks before reciting the Angelus prayer, the pope said Catholics can offer people three things: the Gospel, the crucifix and the example of living out their faith.

In the Gospel, “we can encounter Jesus, listen to him and know him,” he said, while the crucifix is the “sign of the love of Jesus, who gave himself for us.”

Catholics should also translate their faith into “simple gestures of brotherly love” and charity in which the most important thing is to practice what one professes; one’s faith and life, words and actions must be consistent.

About 50,000 free copies of a pocket-sized Gospel were distributed to those gathered in the square. The pope said he was offering people the gift so that they could carry it with them wherever they went and “read it often.”

“The word of God is the light for our journey. It will do you good,” he said, adding that the many volunteers handing out the books included hundreds of homeless people.

He said this, too, was a “beautiful gesture that is pleasing to Jesus: the poorest are those who give us the word of God.”

Meanwhile, a Vatican spokesperson said the pope had cut back his schedule for the week in order to finish working on his encyclical on ecology, saying it was the stage of final revision.

Passionist Father Ciro Benedettini said March 23 the pope had no meetings or major events planned from March 23 to March 28 except for the general audience March 25 and morning Mass in the chapel of his residence.

During a news conference with journalists Jan. 15 onboard the papal plane from Sri Lanka to Manila, the pope had said he had sent a third draft of the encyclical to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the Secretariat of State and the papal theologian for review “so that I would not say anything foolish.”

He said he received a thick packet of their responses and that he planned to take an entire week in March “to complete it” with the hopes of finishing it by the end of the month.

Then if the translations go smoothly, he said, “it can come out in June or July,” enough time to “make a contribution” to the United Nations Climate Change Conference meeting in Paris Nov. 11-Dec. 11.


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Pope tells Neapolitans, ‘Don’t give up hope’

March 23rd, 2015 Posted in Vatican News Tags: , , ,


Catholic News Service

VATICAN CITY —Hope is the first act of resistance to evil, Pope Francis told the people of Naples as he pleaded for respect for the dignity of immigrants, jobs for the unemployed and the conversion of the city’s notorious mafia families.

Pope Francis greets the crowd lining the waterfront after leading an outdoor meeting with youth in Naples, Italy, March 21. (CNS photo/Paul Haring)

Pope Francis greets the crowd lining the waterfront after leading an outdoor meeting with youth in Naples, Italy, March 21. (CNS photo/Paul Haring)

The Gospel teaches that the truly blessed are the poor in spirit, the nonviolent, the meek, those who work for peace and justice. This is the force that will change the world,” the pope said March 21 as he celebrated Mass in Naples’ iconic Piazza del Plebiscito.

“Dear Neapolitans,” he said in his homily, “don’t let anyone steal your hope. Don’t give in to the lure of easy money or dishonest income. … React firmly against organizations that exploit and corrupt the young, the poor and the weak with the cynical sale of drugs and other crimes. Don’t let anyone steal your hope.”

Pope Francis’ 10-hour visit began with a brief stop for prayer at the Shrine of Our Lady of the Rosary in Pompeii and included a visit to a notoriously rough periphery neighborhood, Mass in the center of town, lunch at a local prison, a meeting with priests and religious, a visit with the sick and a seaside gathering with young people and the elderly.

As he was being driven along the waterfront at the end of the day, the crowd lining the road made way for a pizza maker. Although the popemobile did not stop, it slowed down enough for the flour-covered artisan to hand his pie to the pope. The Vatican did not release information on the pizza’s final fate.

During his morning meeting with residents of the city’s Scampia neighborhood, an area of poverty and degradation, an immigrant woman from the Philippines asked the pope to please remind people that immigrants are children of God.

“Have we reached the point where that’s necessary?” the pope asked the crowd. “Are migrants second-class humans?”

“They are like us, children of God,” he said. What is more, they are reminders that this world is not the permanent home of anyone and that “we are all migrants (moving) toward another homeland.”

“We are all children of God,” he said, “beloved children, desired children, saved children. Think about that. ”

The pope also insisted, loudly and repeatedly, that high unemployment rates, especially among youths, were a detriment to society and a failure of the current economic system and public policies.

The problem is not simply the poverty joblessness creates, he said, but the way it robs people of dignity and of hope for the future. “When one is unable to earn his daily bread, he loses his dignity,” the pope said.

“Tell me,” the pope told the crowd in Scampia, “if we close the door on migrants, if we take away the jobs and dignity of people,” what will happen? Corruption “is a temptation, it’s a slide,” he said.

Everyone has within them the possibility of being corrupted, of paying someone under the table or looking for easy cash, he said.

“Corruption stinks” like a decaying animal corpse, he said. “A corrupt society stinks. A Christian who allows corruption is not a Christian. He stinks, understand?”

Later, addressing mafia members and other criminals during his homily at Mass, the pope said: “Humbly, as a brother, I repeat: Convert to love and justice. Let yourself be found by God’s mercy.”

“The tears of the mothers of Naples, mixed with those of Mary our heavenly mother,” also are pleading for the corrupt to change their ways, he said. “These tears can melt the hardness of your hearts and lead everyone back to the path of goodness.”

After Mass, Pope Francis went to a local prison, where he had lunch with about 100 prisoners, who had been chosen by lottery. They reportedly included 10 people from a prison block set aside for inmates who are homosexual, transgender or HIV-positive.

Although he had prepared a speech for the inmates and prison staff, the pope set it aside and spoke informally, telling the prisoners that everyone has made mistakes, but the important thing is to make amends, get up and try to live a better life.

The first saint in Christianity, he said, was a condemned thief, the one who was crucified alongside Jesus and asked him, “Remember me when you come into your kingdom.” Jesus’ response to him was, “Today you will be with me in Paradise.”

Ending the day with young people and the elderly, the pope admitted to being “really tired” by the day’s busy schedule.

He joked with a woman identified only as Erminia, who told him she was 95 years old.

“If you are 95, I’m Napoleon,” he told her.

Pope Francis denounced the “hidden euthanasia” of withholding medicine from the aged, “not giving them care, making their lives sad” and allowing them to die alone.

He told people with elderly parents to make an examination of conscience about how often they phone or visit their parents, and he told everyone to remember that when it comes to how they treat the aged, “you will reap what you sow!”

Angelo and Caterina Russo, who direct the Naples archdiocesan family life office, asked the pope’s advice for dealing with the current crisis in marriage and family life.

Pope Francis said, “I don’t have the recipe” for changing the situation, but he is convinced that October’s world Synod of Bishops on the family could be a start for the church. He also denounced “gender theory” for undermining marriage by creating confusion about what it means to be a man or woman.

Without a solid upbringing and education in the meaning of love, marriage and family life, he said, even the best marriage preparation courses cannot create a Catholic husband and wife. It is not “like a language course: You’ll be spouses in eight lessons,” he said.

And, as he frequently does, he told married couples it is natural to fight, even throw things, but it is important never to end the day angry.

“Plates can fly,” he said. “Have you broken a few?” he asked the Russos, who have been married 31 years.

“Plastic,” Angelo said before Caterina explained, “We used plastic plates at the beginning.”


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Pope’s day in Naples: Saint’s blood liquefies, cloistered sisters ‘break free’


Catholic News Service

VATICAN CITY — At the end of Pope Francis’ spontaneity-filled meeting with priests, seminarians and religious in the cathedral of Naples, the vial of dried blood of the city’s patron saint appeared to miraculously liquefy.

After Pope Francis blessed the congregation with the reliquary holding the vial, Cardinal Crescenzio Sepe of Naples announced, “As a sign that St. Januarius loves the pope, who is Neapolitan like us, the blood is already half liquefied.”

Nuns greet Pope Francis during his meeting with religious at the cathedral in Naples, Italy, March 21. (CNS photo/Paul Haring)

Nuns greet Pope Francis during his meeting with religious at the cathedral in Naples, Italy, March 21. (CNS photo/Paul Haring)

The thousands of people present in the cathedral applauded, but the pope insisted on taking the microphone. “The bishop said the blood is half liquefied,” he said. “It means the saint loves us halfway; we must all convert a bit more, so that he would love us more.”

The blood of the fourth-century martyr is Naples’ most precious relic. The townspeople gauge the saints’ pleasure with them by awaiting the blood’s liquefaction three times a year: in the spring during celebrations of the feast of the transfer of the saint’s relics to Naples; Sept. 19, his feast day; and Dec. 16, the local feast commemorating the averting of a threatened eruption of Mount Vesuvius through the intervention of the saint.

When Pope Benedict XVI visited in 2007 and the blood did not liquefy, Msgr. Vincenzo de Gregorio, custodian of the relic, told reporters the miracle had never occurred when a pope visited on a day other than the feast day.

Entering the cathedral, Pope Francis’ white cassock and his arms were yanked repeatedly by priests, seminarians and nuns wanting to touch him or attract his attention.

Calmed reigned briefly after the pope reached the altar, but then Cardinal Sepe told the pope that, in accordance with canon law, he had given formal permission for the nuns in Naples’ seven cloistered convents to go out for the day.

The nuns, who had been seated in the sanctuary, broke free, running to the pope, surrounding him, hugging him, kissing his ring and piling gifts on his lap.

“Sisters, sisters, not now, later!” the cardinal shouted over the microphone to no avail. “Look what I have done,” he said, exasperated. “And these are the cloistered ones, imagine what the non-cloistered ones are like! Ay. They’re going to eat him alive.”

When order was restored, Pope Francis stood with several sheets of paper and told the congregation, “I prepared a speech, but speeches are boring.” So, he put the papers aside, sat down and began talking about how Jesus must be at the center of a consecrated person’s life, about life in community, about poverty and mercy.

“The center of your life must be Jesus,” he said. Too often, people, including priests and religious, have a difficulty with a superior or a confrere and that problem becomes the real center of their lives, robbing them and their witness of joy.

Addressing seminarians, he said, “if you do not have Jesus at the center, delay your ordination. If you are not sure Jesus is the center of your life, wait a while in order to be sure.”

Money definitely cannot be the center of the life of a priest or nun, he said. Even a diocesan priest, who does not take vows of poverty, must make sure “his heart is not there” in money.

The pope told the story of a religious woman he knew in Argentina who was so concerned about raising money for her school that she subconsciously preferred the company of people with money. One day, in the faculty room, she fainted. In the teachers’ attempt to revive her, the pope said, one suggested putting “a 100 peso note” under her nose to revive her, “but the poor woman was already dead and this was the last word said about her when no one knew if she had died or not.”


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