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St. John Paul II’s devotion to divine mercy

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Catholic News Service

There are many notable things about the life and papacy of St. John Paul II, but the most notable is his devotion to divine mercy. In 1980, he wrote an entire encyclical on it, “Dives in Misericordia” (“Rich in Mercy”), in which he outlines the truth and meaning of mercy from biblical times to the present and beyond.

In it, he states mankind’s mission of mercy. “The church must profess and proclaim God’s mercy in all its truth, as it has been handed down to us by revelation,” he wrote. He took this task upon himself becoming for many the champion of divine mercy.

Not surprisingly, he seemed to have found in St. Faustina Kowalska a kindred spirit. She was a humble, uneducated and holy nun of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy in Poland who received extraordinary revelations of Our Lord. Jesus instructed Faustina to record his messages of God’s divine mercy. She did and compiled them into a diary.

Faustina’s message reverberated in John Paul II’s heart, as he demonstrated in his homily at her canonization on April 30, 2000.

“And you, Faustina, a gift of God to our time, a gift from the land of Poland to the whole church, obtain for us an awareness of the depth of divine mercy; help us to have a living experience of it and to bear witness to it among our brothers and sisters.

“May your message of light and hope spread throughout the world, spurring sinners to conversion, calming rivalries and hatred and opening individuals and nations to the practice of brotherhood.

“Today, fixing our gaze with you on the face of the risen Christ, let us make our own your prayer of trusting abandonment and say with firm hope: Christ Jesus, I trust in you! ‘Jezu, ufam tobie!'” he said.

At the same time, John Paul II declared Divine Mercy Sunday to be celebrated worldwide on the Sunday after Easter.

In 2002, the apostolic penitentiary of the Holy See issued a decree granting a plenary indulgence to those who comply with all the established conditions (confession, Communion and praying for the pope’s intentions) and a partial indulgence to those who incompletely fulfill the conditions.

This was in accordance with Jesus’ own wishes as told to Faustina. Together, these two papal acts are the highest endorsement the church can give to a private revelation.

In his 2001 homily on Divine Mercy Sunday, John Paul II pointed to the revelations of Faustina as “the appropriate and incisive answer that God wanted to offer to the questions and expectations of human beings in our time, marked by terrible tragedies. … Divine Mercy! This is the Easter gift that the church receives from the risen Christ and offers to humanity at the dawn of the third millennium.”

His confidence in divine mercy never waived. Throughout his life, he not only promoted it, but he personified it. As if to crown his work, providence saw to it that John Paul II died on the eve of Divine Mercy Sunday 2005. He was canonized on April 27, 2014. 

(Fenelon is a freelance writer from Milwaukee. Her website is http://margefenelon.com.)

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FOOD FOR THOUGHT

To prepare for Divine Mercy Sunday, Catholics can pray a novena beginning on Good Friday, nine days before the feast of mercy.

St. Faustina Kowalska recorded a mystical experience in her diary, “Divine Mercy in My Soul,” where Christ first told her to spread this devotion. “By this novena, I will grant every possible grace to souls,” he said.

During the novena, the chaplet of the divine mercy is prayed using the beads of a rosary and there are additional prayers specific to the intention of each of the nine days.

“All mankind, especially all sinners” is the focus of the first day. “The souls of priests and religious” is the intention of the second.

The third day, prayers are directed to “all devout and faithful souls,” while the prayers for the fourth day focus on “those who do not believe in God and those who do not yet know (Christ).”

Catholics pray for those who have “separated themselves” from the church on the fifth day of the novena.

Christ told Faustina to “bring to me the meek and humble souls and the souls of little children” in prayer on the sixth day.

On the seventh day, Catholics pray for those who “especially venerate and glorify (Christ’s) mercy.”

The eighth day focuses on the souls in purgatory, and the ninth day has prayers for those “who have become lukewarm” in their faith.

Find the novena here: http://www.thedivinemercy.org/message/devotions/novena.php