Catholic News Service
Both the Gospel according to John and the epistle 1 John emphasize God’s love for us and state that if we are to have a relationship with God, we must be people who have and show love for others.
As 1 John 4:7-8 expresses it, “Beloved, let us love one another, because love is of God; everyone who loves is begotten by God and knows God. Whoever is without love does not know God, for God is love.”
There are three words in Greek that are translated into the English word “love”: “philia,” meaning affection as for a friend or family member; “eros,” which is used to express sexual feelings; and “agape,” which according to Strong’s Bible Concordance means goodwill, benevolence and esteem.
Throughout the New Testament, including the Gospel and the epistle of John, the word “agape” is used most frequently to describe our love for God and God’s love for us. The same word is used to describe how we are to love our neighbor.
So in Mark 12:30-31 when Jesus gives us the two great commandments — to love God and neighbor with all our being — the word “agape” is used for both expressions of love.
This also explains why St. Paul’s exposition about love in 1 Corinthians 13:13 (“So faith, hope, love remain, these three; but the greatest of these is love.”) is often translated as “charity” to make clear that it means more than having general affection for others — we are to hold them in esteem and treat them with benevolence.
John focuses on the idea of the love of God in several places in the Gospel. In John 3:16, Jesus says that God’s love for us (“agape”) is so great that God is willing to make the greatest of sacrifices — allowing his own son to die for the benefit of others: “For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him might not perish but might have eternal life.”
In John 13:34-35, Jesus give his followers a new command: “Love one another. As I have loved you, so you also should love one another. This is how all will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.”
For Jesus, abiding in God — which is what it means to be a disciple — requires us to go beyond giving alms or being kind to others. If we are to abide in God, we must give fully of ourselves.
John also addresses our loving relationship with God in 14:15-23 and 15:9-13. Here again the message is the same: To abide with God, we are to be people of charity, people who love God and our neighbors with all our beings.
As the saying goes, we must be all in. How will you show this love for others this Lent?
(Mulhall is a catechist living in Louisville, KY.)
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FOOD FOR THOUGHT
In his 2013 Lenten message, Pope Benedict XVI reflected on the relationship between faith and charity.
“The entire Christian life is a response to God’s love,” he said.
But God desires more than just our acceptance of his love, the pope said. God “wants to draw us to himself, to transform us” and “become like him, sharing in his own charity.”
Only when we open ourselves to God’s love and allow him to live in us, “only then does our faith become truly ‘active through love’ (Gal 5:6); only then does he abide in us (cf. Jn 4:12),” Pope Benedict said.
“Faith is knowing the truth and adhering to it (cf. 1 Tm 2:4); charity is ‘walking’ in the truth (cf. Eph 4:15),” the pope explained. “Through faith we enter into friendship with the Lord; through charity this friendship is lived and cultivated (cf. Jn 15:14ff),” he said.
Faith has a priority, the pope said, and precedes charity, but charity has a primacy and must “crown” faith.
“Everything begins from the humble acceptance of faith (‘knowing that one is loved by God’) but has to arrive at the truth of charity (‘knowing how to love God and neighbor’),” Pope Benedict said.
“Lent invites us,” he said, “to nourish our faith by careful and extended listening to the word of God and by receiving the sacraments, and at the same time to grow in charity and in love for God and neighbor, not least through the specific practices of fasting, penance and almsgiving.”
Catholic News Service